SSRN Announces CiteReader Reference and Citation Technology (Beta)

Welcome to SSRN's Beta Lab release of our new CiteReader reference and Citation technology for papers in the SSRN eLibrary.

CiteReader captures references from the papers in the SSRN eLibrary. These references are then verified and linked to the papers they have been Cited By in the eLibrary.

To date, we have successfully:
-- captured the references from approximately 100,000 of the 136,000 full text papers in the SSRN eLibrary
-- verified 3.2 million references
-- linked one or more of these references to over 78,000 papers in the SSRN eLibrary yielding a total of 1.09 million "Cited By" links

If we captured and verified the references from a paper in the SSRN eLibrary, the Beta Lab Public abstract page will have a link (References: #) to the list of references, where # is the total number of references we have captured and verified on this paper.

If this paper has been cited by other papers in the SSRN eLibrary, there will be a second link on the public abstract page for the paper (Cited Bys:#) to the list of citations, where # is the total number of citations to this paper from other papers in the SSRN eLibrary.

These two links allow SSRN users to easily go back in time in the literature using the Reference page and forward in time using the Cited Bys page. For example, Lucian Bebchuk's paper "What Matters in Corporate Governance" ( includes the links for References: 75 and Cited Bys: 82.

NOTE: To access the SSRN Beta Lab you must be a registered SSRN user and have a SSRN cookie on your machine or be logged in at Registration is free and if you are not registered, you will be prompted to do so. If you have the cookie or are logged in to your SSRN HQ Account, you will see two new tabs (Normal Mode and Beta Lab) at the top of the SSRN eLibrary Search page (, or any Author Home Page, or Abstract Page. To access the Beta Lab click that tab. To return to Normal Mode click that tab.

Look at the pages for your papers or those of your favorite authors.

The CiteReader pages and the data they are constructed from will be updated regularly as new and revised papers are submitted to SSRN and as we continue to improve the technology.

SSRN's CiteReader data will make a significant impact on the way scholarly research is done. It not only provides interesting data on who is citing whom and how much, but as we said above it also provides research tools allowing readers to easily go back in time and forward in time in a subject matter. In effect, the Reference and Cited By pages provide a powerful research tool to access the literature in a given field.

More About Beta Labs:
To provide quick access to beta technology on the SSRN site, we created Beta Lab versions of certain web pages. When we are comfortable they meet our quality standards, we will release them to the main SSRN site. While in beta stage, they are available through the Beta Lab tab at the top of the page.

The CiteReader technology was developed by ITX Corp., in collaboration with SSRN over the past three years and provides a valuable tool for researchers around the world. In the near future, SSRN will provide access to the Footnotes from each paper and the references within them and Rankings for papers, authors, and institutions based on the citation measures.

Despite our extensive testing, CiteReader is beta technology and there is the potential for errors. Please let us know about any errors you find or problems you encounter. We also welcome your suggestions and comments at:


Michael C. Jensen
SSRN Chairman

Gregg Gordon
SSRN President

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