SSRN Author: Bahram KalhorBahram Kalhor SSRN Content
https://www.ssrn.com/author=4137172
https://www.ssrn.com/rss/en-usFri, 20 May 2022 01:05:28 GMTeditor@ssrn.com (Editor)Fri, 20 May 2022 01:05:28 GMTwebmaster@ssrn.com (WebMaster)SSRN RSS Generator 1.0REVISION: Amount of Sharing Quanta Energies in Quantum RedshiftQuantum Redshift disagrees with dark energy and expansion of space and describes Redshift by sharing the quanta energies of some periods between other periods of electromagnetic waves. In the Quantum Redshift, regardless of the material and type of the space objects (stars, quasars, white dwarfs, and carbon stars), the Redshift mainly depends on the mass and distance of the emitter. The paper obtains the amount of sharing quanta energies between the periods of the electromagnetic waves in a non-expansion space and no gravitational Redshift and calculates the average number of the parameter p in the Quantum Redshift. We use the distance and Redshift of 93,060 nearby space objects, including stars, quasars, white dwarfs, and carbon stars, for obtaining the amount of sharing the energy and losing frequency during traveling in space. We have used SIMBAD Astronomical Database. We have retrieved this information from almost 2,200,000 records. The objects' temperature is between 671 and ...
https://www.ssrn.com/abstract=3809064
https://www.ssrn.com/2140565.htmlThu, 19 May 2022 13:35:36 GMTNew: Advanced Special Relativity Part I: Investigating Einstein’s Special Relativity at Speeds Slower Than the Speed of Light and Higher Temperatures Using the Quantum Structure of Electromagnetic WavesEinstein’s special relativity (SR) cannot describe the behavior of the particle at the speed of light and is a vogue theory. The paper uses the quantum structure of the electromagnetic waves for describing the structure of the particle at the speed of light after doing more work on it. The key point is converting the three-dimensional structure of the particle to a four-dimensional structure and increasing the capacity of carrying energy. In the Advanced special relativity (ASR) reason for converting the structure to an appropriate structure of the upper dimension is to provide more capacity for absorbing and carrying more quanta energies. Hence, the condition for upgrading the structure and starting oscillation in the upper dimension is occupying the total free energy positions of the particle. On the other hand, the paper claims speed and temperature of the particle act as two different sources for adding the energy of the particle, and the capacity of absorbing quanta energy in ...
https://www.ssrn.com/abstract=4091943
https://www.ssrn.com/2139736.htmlTue, 17 May 2022 14:44:19 GMTREVISION: How Does the Quantum Structure of Electromagnetic Waves Describe Quantum Redshift?The Redshift of the electromagnetic waves is a powerful tool for calculating the distance of the objects in space and studying their behavior. However, physicists' misinterpretation of why Redshift occurs has led us to a misunderstanding of the most cosmological phenomena. The paper introduces Quantum Redshift (QR) by using the quantum structure of the electromagnetic waves (QSEW) In the Quantum Redshift, although the Planck constant is the smallest unit of three-dimensional energy, it is consisting of smaller units of one-dimensional energy. The maximum energy of each period of the electromagnetic waves is equal to the Planck constant hence, the capacity of each period is carrying 89875518173474223 one-dimensional quanta energy. However, in the QR, at the emitting time of the electromagnetic waves, their periods are not fully filled. On the other hand, they are interested in sharing quanta energies with each other to have fully filled periods. Sharing the quanta energies ofا some ...
https://www.ssrn.com/abstract=3699685
https://www.ssrn.com/2139327.htmlMon, 16 May 2022 18:06:23 GMTNew: Quantum Redshift Rejects Dark Energy and the Theory of Accelerating Expansion of the UniverseThe dark energy that the universe needs to expand has not yet been discovered. In addition, the nature of dark matter is a big mystery. We need a new theory to explain what the mechanism of the Redshift is and how it works. In the Quantum Redshift (QR) theory, each period of the electromagnetic waves is like a virtual box and its free positions at the emitting time is the reason for gravitational Redshift. Also, In the QR theory, sharing one-dimensional quanta energies of some periods between other periods of electromagnetic waves is another reason for the Redshift. Hence, the Quantum Redshift theory disagrees with dark energy and the expansion of space. <br><br>To test the QR theory with real data, we used SIMBAD Astronomical Database. The information was retrieved from almost 2,200,000 records. The distance of the objects was between 413.13 and 0.5 (mas). Results confirm losing more quanta energies and more Redshift for distant objects in a non-expansion universe.<br><br>On the ...
https://www.ssrn.com/abstract=4075266
https://www.ssrn.com/2135752.htmlThu, 05 May 2022 15:13:29 GMT