Banco de España Upgrades Its ERN Government & Public Agency Research Paper Series

We are pleased to announce Banco de España has upgraded its ERN Government & Public Agency Research Paper Series within the Economics Research Network (ERN), which includes, but is not limited to, a customized eJournal distributed to SSRN subscribers.


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The Banco de España (Bank of Spain) publishes several series reflecting its research role as Spain's central bank and as a member of the Eurosystem. Research at the Banco de España includes macroeconomic and financial monitoring, policy evaluation, and the compilation of statistics, for the Spanish, Euro-zone, and world economies. It also aims to advance economic knowledge in all areas relevant for central banking.

The Banco de España Working Papers (Documentos de Trabajo) series aims to contribute to economic analysis in general, and especially to promote knowledge of the Spanish economy and its international environment. Since 2003, all papers in this series have been anonymously refereed. The Banco de España Occasional Papers (Documentos Ocasionales) series seeks to disseminate research carried out at the Banco de España in support of its official duties, which may be of more general interest. Papers in these series reflect the views of the authors and do not necessarily coincide with those of the Banco de España or the Eurosystem.


SSRN's searchable electronic library contains abstracts, full bibliographic data, and author contact information for more than 668,300 papers, more than 308,000 authors, and full text for more than 559,300 papers. The eLibrary can be accessed at

SSRN supports open access by allowing authors to upload papers to the eLibrary for free through the SSRN User HeadQuarters at, and by providing free downloading of those papers.

Downloads from the SSRN eLibrary in the past 12 months total more than 12.8 million, with more than 98.4 million downloads since inception.

Searching on an individual's name in the author field on our search page at provides the best single professional directory of scholars in the social sciences and humanities. Complete contact information for authors, including email, postal, telephone, and fax information, is available there.

SSRN's objective is to provide rapid, worldwide distribution of research to authors and their readers and to facilitate communication among them at the lowest possible cost. In pursuit of this objective, we allow authors to upload papers without charge. And, any paper an author uploads to SSRN is downloadable for free, worldwide.

The Economics Research Network (ERN) distributes other eJournals. You can subscribe to these eJournals through the SSRN User HeadQuarters at


Michael C. Jensen
Economics Research Network