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Website Terms of Use

PLEASE REVIEW BEFORE USING THIS WEBSITE - IF YOU DO NOT AGREE TO THESE TERMS OF USE, DO NOT USE THIS WEBSITE.

General Description
Welcome to the Social Science Research Network ("SSRN"). SSRN is produced and owned by Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. (together with its affiliates or subsidiaries, "SSEP"). The mission of the SSRN is to provide the services detailed in the SSRN FAQ (collectively the "Services"). These Terms of Use contain ground rules for your use of the Services (the "Terms"). By accessing, using, or contributing to the Services, and in consideration for the Services provided to you, you agree to abide by the Terms.

SSEP may change the Terms from time to time, at SSEP's sole discretion. Your continued use of this website following the posting of such changes will constitute your assent to all such changes. Please periodically visit this section of the site to review the current version of the Terms. These Terms supersede any verbal changes and can only be modified by written agreement signed by an officer of SSEP.

Account Registration
To utilize the Services, or certain portions thereof, you may be required to complete a registration and submission process and establish an SSRN account ("SSRN Account"). You represent and warrant that all information provided by you is current, accurate, and complete, and that you will maintain the accuracy and completeness of this information on a prompt, timely basis.

Password and Security
As a registered user of SSRN , you may receive or establish one or more passwords. You are solely responsible for maintaining the confidentiality and security of your password(s) and SSRN Account(s). You understand and agree that you a fully responsible for all actions and postings made from your SSRN Account(s). Any accounts you are create are not transferrable. You agree to notify the SSRN immediately if you become aware of any unauthorized use of your SSRN Account(s).

Content
Personal Use Only
The Services are provided solely for personal, non-commercial use. You may not take any material from this website and reformat, repost, or redisplay it for commercial purpose. You may not reformat, repost, or redisplay any material from this website for non-commercial purposes provided however that (i) you may redisplay the title, author and/or abstract for an individual document included in the SSRN eLibrary, together with a link to that document's public abstract page on SSRN; (ii) you may exercise any additional rights granted directly by the author or other valid copyright holder, and (iii) you may cite or quote individual SSRN usage statistics, rankings, citations, and similar information with acknowledgment of the source, date, and URL for this information. These exceptions for noncommercial use apply only to specific documents and use of specific SSRN-provided statistics and other information. They do not convey any rights to reproduce or otherwise make use of all or a significant part of the SSRN eLibrary or SSRN-provided information, or all or a significant part of a category of the SSRN eLibrary or SSRN-provided information.

Contributed Content
Contributed content should be relevant to the subject scope of SSRN. Content may not be illegal, obscene, defamatory, threatening, infringing of intellectual property rights, invasive of privacy or otherwise injurious or objectionable. SSEP does not pre-screen or regularly review any contributed content, but SSEP has the right (though not the obligation) to remove, without notice, any content posted which we consider, for any reason, to violate these Terms or to be outside the subject scope of the Services. SSEP may terminate any account, with or without notice, for posting such content.

Copyright and Trade Marks
Any person who provides any material for inclusion on SSRN is responsible for ensuring that this material does not violate other parties' copyright or other proprietary rights and does not otherwise violate law or applicable SSRN policy. As part of its general right to remove material, SSEP reserves the right in its sole discretion to delete or make inaccessible files that do or may contain material that violates law, or applicable SSRN policy, or the rights of third parties.

License to SSEP
Users grant to SSEP a limited, non-exclusive, worldwide, royalty free, revocable license to perform the Services. By contributing content to SSRN, you grant SSEP a non-exclusive, royalty-free, perpetual, worldwide, revocable license to use your content in connection with the Services, including, without limitation, the rights to copy, distribute, transmit, publicly display, print, allow others to print, publicly perform, reproduce, edit, translate, and reformat your digital and non-digital content, and/or to incorporate it into a collective work.

SSEP Ownership and Rights
All materials on SSRN are the copyright of SSEP or are reproduced with permission from other copyright owners. All rights are reserved. The materials on this web site may be retrieved and downloaded solely for personal non-commercial use. No materials may otherwise be copied, modified, published, broadcast or otherwise distributed. Social Science Research Network, SSRN, SSRN.com and/or any other names of products or services provided by SSEP or referred to on this web site are either trademarks or registered trademarks of SSEP.

Termination
SSEP reserves the right to terminate your SSRN Account or restrict access to your SSRN Account, or to delete any content posted through your SSRN Account, with or without notice, for any or for no reason.

Community Participation Browsing
You understand that the abstracts made available via the Website are the work of individual authors and do not necessarily represent the view of SSEP. SSEP assumes no responsibility for the accuracy, suitability, or completeness of any content provided.

Linking
You understand that SSRN has not and cannot review all material made available through websites linked or linking to any part of this site. You also understand that no such linking implies in any way that the SSRN endorses or is affiliated with any third-party website. You agree that the SSRN bears no responsibility or liability for any content accessed or harm caused from any third-party website.

User Representations and Warranties
By posting any content, you represent and warrant that you have all right, title, and interest to such posted content, including but not limited to any consent, authorization, release, clearance or license from any third party (such as, but not limited to, any release related to rights of privacy or publicity) necessary for you to provide, post, upload, input or submit the content, and that posting such content does not violate or constitute the infringement of any patent, copyright, trademark, trade secret, right of privacy, right of publicity, moral rights, or other intellectual property right recognized by any applicable jurisdiction of any person or entity, or otherwise constitute the breach of any agreement with any other person or entity. You represent and warrant that you will not use any software, which sends repeated queries to SSRN, or otherwise send automated queries of any sort to SSRN. You further represent and warrant that you are who you say you are, that you have not submitted fictitious, false or inaccurate information about yourself, and that all information contained in the posted content is true and your own work or work you are authorized to submit, and that the posted content does not contain any threatening, harassing, libelous, false, defamatory, offensive, obscene, or pornographic, material, or other material that would violate any other applicable law or regulation. You agree that you will not knowingly and with intent to defraud provide material and misleading information. You represent and warrant that the content you supply does not violate the Terms.

Indemnities
You acknowledge and agree to indemnify and hold SSEP, their affiliates, officers, employees and agents, harmless, including costs and attorneys' fees, from any claim or demand made by any third party due to or arising out of your use of SSRN or the Services, your violation of these Terms, or the infringement by you or made under your account, of any intellectual property or other right of any person or entity.

Copyright Complaints
If you are a copyright owner and you believe that your copyrighted materials have been used in a way that constitutes copyright infringement, please see our DMCA Notice Policy [2].

General Terms

Modifications
SSEP reserves the right to change, at any time, at our sole discretion, the Terms under which these Services are offered. You are responsible for regularly reviewing these Terms. Your continued use of the Services constitutes your agreement to all such Terms.

Termination of Service
SSEP disclaims all responsibility and liability for the availability, timeliness, security or reliability of the Services or any software provided through the Services. SSEP reserves the right to modify, suspend, or discontinue the Services or access to the Services without any notice at any time and without any liability to you.

Extent of Terms
The Terms apply to use of and contribution to SSRN and any account provided therefore. SSEP may operate additional projects or services that require separate or additional terms. Such different terms are made available through the individual project or service and are not addressed further herein.

No Waiver of Terms
Failure of SSEP to exercise or enforce any right or provision of these Terms shall not be deemed a waiver of such right or provision in that or any other instance.

Governing Law and Entire Agreement
These Terms are governed by the laws of the State of New York, without regard to the rules of conflict of law that may cause the laws of another jurisdiction to apply. You agree to the sole and exclusive jurisdiction and venue of the federal or state courts of the State of New York in the event of any dispute of any kind arising from or relating to the Site, or your use or review of it. The Terms constitute the entire agreement between the parties with respect to the subject matter hereof and supersedes and replaces all prior or contemporaneous understandings or agreements, written or oral, regarding such subject matter. If for any reason a court of competent jurisdiction finds any provision or portion of these Terms to be unenforceable, the remainder of the Terms will continue in full force and effect.

Abstract Usage Statistics and Automated Querying
SSEP strives to maintain the integrity of the SSRN download counts and other usage statistics as a measure of readership and other use of the SSRN site by authors and readers. It is a violation of SSEP policy for an author or other person to directly or indirectly use SSRN with a view to affecting SSRN downloads and other usage statistics, or to encourage others to do so. As part of its general right to refuse or terminate service and remove or edit site content, SSEP reserves the right in its sole discretion to limit access, remove content, and adjust usage statistics to respond to any activity that appears likely to have such an effect.

DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY and LIMITATION OF LIABILITIES
SSRN IS PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS" AND "AS AVAILABLE" BASIS. SSEP MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, AS TO THE SITE'S OPERATION OR THE INFORMATION, CONTENT OR MATERIALS INCLUDED ON THIS SITE. TO THE FULL EXTENT PERMISSIBLE BY APPLICABLE LAW, SSEP HEREBY DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE. SSEP WILL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES OF ANY KIND ARISING FROM THE USE OF OR INABILITY TO USE THIS SITE. YOU EXPRESSLY AGREE THAT YOU USE THIS SITE SOLELY AT YOUR OWN RISK. UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES SHALL SSEP OR ITS SUPPLIERS OR LICENSORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, INDIRECT, ECONOMIC OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, LOSS OF DATA OR LOSS OF USE DAMAGES OR LOST PROFITS) ARISING OUT OF OR CONNECTED WITH THE SITE (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ITS OPERATION, ITS CONTENTS OR THE INFORMATION OR MATERIALS CONTAINED THEREIN, OR THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE ANY OTHER SITE LINKED TO THE SITE, OR ANY CONTENT CONTAINED IN ANY SUCH SITE, OR THESE TERMS, OR THE PRIVACY POLICY APPLICABLE TO THIS SITE) EVEN IF SSEP, ITS SUPPLIERS, OR LICENSORS HAVE BEEN NOTIFIED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF ANY DAMAGES. BECAUSE SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF LIABILITY FOR CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES, THE ABOVE LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU IN SUCH STATES. THE RESPECTIVE LIABILITY OF SSEP, ITS SUPPLIERS AND LICENSORS SHALL BE LIMITED TO THE GREATEST EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW. This exclusion and limitation only applies to the extent permitted by law and is without prejudice to any express provisions to the contrary in any written license or subscription agreement from SSEP in respect of the use of any online service provided via this web site.

Updated 2-11-2011