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Frequently Asked Questions


Social Science Research Network (SSRN)

  1. What is the Social Science Research Network?
  2. What is SSRN's Objective?
  3. What is SSRN's Commitment to Authors and Readers?
  4. What are SSRN's specialized Subject Area Networks?
  5. Who produces the Social Science Research Network?
  6. Which publishers and institutions does SSRN work with?
  7. How do I contact SSRN?
  8. Do I need an account to use SSRN?
  9. What is the usage policy regarding personal information on the SSRN site?

Submitting a Paper to the SSRN eLibrary

  1. How do I use my SSRN User Headquarters (HQ) account to submit a paper?
  2. Is my paper eligible for inclusion and public display in SSRN's eLibrary?
  3. How can I have my own paper included in the SSRN eLibrary?
  4. How can I submit a non-English paper?
  5. How can I create a PDF file?
  6. Is there a fee for a researcher to submit his/her paper to the site?
  7. Does the institution where the researcher is working need to subscribe to SSRN in order for him/her to be able to submit papers?
  8. Is my paper eligible for distribution in SSRN's eJournals?
  9. Is submission of a paper to SSRN tantamount to prior submissions by scholarly refereed journals?
  10. Does submission to SSRN restrict in any way what I can do with my paper?
  11. What do I need to know about Copyright Policies?
  12. What should I do if I suspect a copyright violation or plagiarism in a paper posted on SSRN?
  13. How do I Revise my previously submitted paper?
  14. How does SSRN handle multiple versions of a paper? What is a Version Group?
  15. Can I include non-SSRN URLs in my submission to SSRN?
  16. How do I change my Affiliation(s)?

SSRN Web Usage

  1. What are the Terms of Use on the SSRN site?
  2. Which Internet browsers does SSRN support?
  3. What are Cookies?
  4. What is a Download? What is an Abstract View?
  5. What is RSS?

SSRN Services

  1. What is the SSRN eLibrary?
  2. How do I SEARCH for a paper in the SSRN eLibrary?
  3. What is QuickSearch?
  4. What is "Search Within Results"?
  5. How do I find further information (including an abstract) about this paper?
  6. How do I obtain a copy of the whole article if I am interested?
  7. Can I read the full text of the paper online?
  8. Am I downloading the full text file from the SSRN site?
  9. What should I do and who do I contact if I have difficulty downloading a full text file?
  10. What is the charge for using the SSRN eLibrary?
  11. What are SSRN's "Top Papers", "Top Authors" and "Top Institutions"?
  12. What is a “SSRN Top Downloads” List?
  13. What is MyBriefcase?
  14. Where can I find Professional Announcements and Job Openings listings?
  15. What is Eigenfactor®?
  16. What is "Purchase Bound Hard Copy"?
Subscriptions

  1. What is a SSRN abstract eJournal?
  2. How do I subscribe to abstract eJournals?



 
Social Science Research Network (SSRN)



1. What is the Social Science Research Network?      back to top

Social Science Research Network (SSRN) is a world wide collaborative of over 264,500 authors and more than 1.7 million users that is devoted to the rapid worldwide dissemination of social science research. Founded in 1994, it is composed of a number of specialized research networks in each of the social sciences. Each of SSRN's networks encourages the early distribution of research results by reviewing and distributing submitted abstracts and full text papers from scholars around the world. SSRN encourages readers to communicate directly with other subscribers and authors concerning their own and other's research. Through our email abstract eJournals we currently reach over 400,000 people in approximately 140 different countries.

SSRN's email abstract eJournals cover over 1,000 different subject areas. The Abstract Database contains information on well over 570,800 scholarly working papers and forthcoming papers. The eLibrary currently contains over 472,600 downloadable electronic documents in Adobe Acrobat PDF format. Our users are downloading over 11 million full text papers annually. To browse SSRN's eLibrary subject area networks, click here.

SSRN supports the Open Access movement. All scholars may submit papers for free, and author-submitted content is downloadable at no charge by users world-wide.

SSRN has again been named the Number 1 Open Access Repository in the World (for July, 2012) by the Ranking Web of World Repositories. Our thanks to all of the SSRN community who helped make this happen.
 


2. What is SSRN's Objective?      back to top

SSRN's objective is to provide rapid worldwide distribution of research to authors and their readers and to facilitate communication among them at the lowest possible cost. In pursuit of this objective, we allow authors to upload papers without charge. And any paper an author uploads to SSRN is downloadable for free, worldwide. We allow publishers and other institutions to charge users for downloading papers while encouraging them to charge fees that are as low as possible. Our rule is that the price for such papers on SSRN must be equal to or below the lowest price that such papers are available anywhere on the web to non-subscribers. The vast majority of downloads of papers from the SSRN eLibrary are free.
 


3. What is SSRN's Commitment to Authors and Readers?      back to top

SSRN is committed to providing authors and readers with the highest quality, most reliable services in the distribution of research. The 241,000+ authors who have contributed their research to SSRN have trusted us with their intellectual output. We are committed to fulfilling that trust. We are scholars, and we respect, above all, our authors' rights in their material. We have never and will never behave opportunistically with our authors' material. You can count on this from SSRN and from each of us that help SSRN perform on its commitments.
 


4. What are SSRN's specialized Subject Area Networks?      back to top
 
Accounting Research Network (ARN)
The Accounting Research Network (ARN) distributes quality research in accounting topics including financial accounting, managerial accounting and audit, tax and litigation. Our eJournals distribute abstracts of articles dealing with empirical, experimental, and theoretical research in financial and managerial accounting, auditing, and tax strategy. ARN is directed by Ross Watts, Professor at the Sloan School of Management at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
 
Cognitive Science Network (CSN)
The Cognitive Science Network (CSN) is directed by Mark Turner. Turner is Institute Professor of Cognitive Science at Case Western Reserve University. A presentation of the evolving organization of CSN - including advisory boards, projects, keywords, topics, categorizations, and varieties of publication - is maintained at https://sites.google.com/a/case.edu/csnkeywords/. Please send your comments and suggestions to cogscinetwork@case.edu.
 
Corporate Governance Network (CGN)
The Corporate Governance Network (CGN) is directed by Lucian Bebchuk, William J. Friedman and Alicia Townsend Friedman Professor of Law, Economics, and Finance, and Director of the Corporate Governance Program, at Harvard Law School, with input and help from other members of the Corporate Governance Program. CGN is creating an online community interested in the expanding area of corporate governance research.
 
Economics Research Network (ERN)
The Economics Research Network (ERN) distributes quality research in economics currently covering 44 subject areas. ERN is directed by Martin Feldstein and Michael C. Jensen. Feldstein is George F. Baker Professor of Economics at Harvard University and President of the National Bureau of Economic Research. Jensen is the Jesse Isidor Strauss Professor of Business Administration Emeritus, Harvard Business School, and Chairman of Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc.
 
Entrepreneurship Research & Policy Network (ERPN)
The Entrepreneurship Research & Policy Network (ERPN) will include research from Harvard Business School Entrepreneurial Management Unit and Now Publishers' Foundation and Trends - Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Technological Change. By including the latest research from the Harvard Business School and peer-reviewed articles from Foundation and Trends, ERPN is working to become the most complete online resource for entrepreneurship research. We look forward to adding more institutions and peer-reviewed journals in the future. ERPN is directed by Robert Litan, Vice President, Research and Policy, Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation.
 
Financial Economics Network (FEN)
The Financial Economics Network (FEN) distributes quality research in financial economics including corporate finance, banking and financial institutions, capital markets, derivatives and real estate. FEN is directed by Michael C. Jensen. Jensen is the Jessie Isidor Strauss Professor of Business Administration Emeritus, Harvard Business School, and Chairman, SSEP, Inc.
 
Health Economics Network (HEN)
The Health Economics Network (HEN) is directed by Thomas E. Getzen and assisted by Tor Iversen and David Cutler. Getzen is Executive Secretary and CEO of iHEA: the International Health Economics Association and Professor of Risk, Insurance and Healthcare Management at Temple University. Iversen is Professor of Health Economics at University of Oslo. Cutler is Otto Eckstein Professor of Applied Economics at Harvard University.
 
Information Systems & eBusiness Network (ISN)
The Information Systems & eBusiness Network (ISN) is an on-line venue providing access to working papers, tables of contents of eJournals, and professional announcements of interest to the eBusiness and eCommerce community. ISN is directed by Erik Brynjolfsson, Schussel Professor of Management Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT); and Marvin Bower Fellow, Harvard Business School.
 
Innovation Research & Policy Network (IRPN)
The Innovation Research & Policy Network (IRPN) is directed by Scott Stern, School of Management Distinguished Professor of Technological Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Strategic Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management, and Eric von Hippel, T. Wilson Professor of Innovation Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management.
 
International Business & Management Network (INTL)
The International Business & Management Network (INTL) is directed by Timothy M. Devinney, Professor of Strategy, at University of Technology, Sydney.
 
Leadership Research Network (LRN)
The Leadership Research Network (LRN) is directed by Nitin Nohria, Richard P. Chapman Professor of Business Administration and Senior Associate Dean and Director of Faculty Development at the Harvard Business School, and Rakesh Khurana, Marvin Bower Professor of Leadership Development at the Harvard Business School.
 
Legal Scholarship Network (LSN)
The Legal Scholarschip Network (LSN) distributes quality research related to law, economics, and business in 61 different subject areas. LSN is directed by Bernard S. Black, Ronald J. Gilson and A. Mitchell Polinsky. Black is Professor of Law, University of Texas Law School and Professor of Finance, McCombs School of Business, University of Texas. Gilson is Charles J. Meyers Professor of Law and Business, Stanford Law School and Marc and Eva Stern Professor of Law and Business, Columbia Law School. Polinsky is Josephine Scott Crocker Professor of Law & Economics, Stanford Law School.
 
Management Research Network (MRN)
The Management Research Network (MRN) is directed by Michael C. Jensen, Managing Director, Organizational Strategy Practice, Monitor Company; Professor of Organizational Strategy, Monitor University; Jesse Isidor Straus Professor of Business Administration Emeritus, Harvard Business School, and Chairman of Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc.

MRN now consists of the Corporate Strategy & Business Policy Network, International Business Network, Management Network, Marketing Network, Negotiations & Dispute Resolution Network, Operations Research Network, Organizational Behavior Research Network, and Production & Operations Research Network.
 
Marketing Research Network (MKTG)
The Marketing Research Network (MKTG) is an online venue providing access to working papers, tables of contents of eJournals, and professional announcements of interest to the Marketing community. MKTG is directed by Al Silk, Lincoln Filene Professor of Business Administration Emeritus, Harvard Business School.
 
Negotiations Research Network (NEG)
The Negotiations Research Network (NEG) is an online venue providing access to working papers and professional announcements of interest to the Negotiation and Dispute Resolution community. NEG is directed by Max H. Bazerman, Jesse Isidor Straus Professor of Business Administration, Harvard Business School.
 
Organizational Behavior Research Network (ORG)
The Organizational Behavior Research Network (ORG) is directed by David C. Logan, Lecturer, University of Southern California - Marshall School of Business, and Senior Partner, CultureSync.
 
Political Science Network (PSN)
The Political Science Network (PSN) is directed by David A. Lake and Mathew D. McCubbins. Lake is Professor, University of California, San Diego. McCubbins is Professor of Political Science, Chancellor's Associates Chair, University of California, San Diego; Adjunct Professor, University of San Diego Law School; Visiting Professor, University of Southern California Gould School of Law.
 

Social Insurance Research Network (SIRN)
The Social Insurance Research Network (SIRN) distributes abstracts of research papers in all areas of social insurance: disability income and work injury compensation; health care delivery & financing; poverty, income distribution & income assistance; social security, pensions, & retirement issues; and unemployment insurance. SIRN is directed by Marilyn Moon, Vice President and Director of the Health Program and the American Institutes for Research (AIR).
 
Sustainability Research & Policy Network (SRPN)
The Sustainability Research & Policy Network (SRPN) is directed by John Peters, CEO of GSE Research Ltd.
 
Classics Research Network (CRN)
The Classics Research Network (CRN) is directed by Lesley Dean-Jones. Dean-Jones is Associate Professor,University of Texas at Austin.
 
Music Research & Composition Network (MRCN)
The Music Research & Composition Network (MRCN) is directed by Andre de Quadros, Professor of Music, Music Education, Boston University - School of Music.
 
Philosophy Research Network (PRN)
The Philosophy Research Network (PRN) is directed by Lawrence Becker. Becker is University Fellow, Hollins University.
 
Rhetoric & Communication Research Network (RCRN)
The Rhetoric & Communication Research Network (RCRN) is directed by David C. Logan, Lecturer, University of Southern California - Marshall School of Business, and Senior Partner, CultureSync.
 


5. Who produces the Social Science Research Network?      back to top

The Social Science Research Network is produced by Social Science Electronic Publishing Inc. (SSEP). SSEP is an independent privately held corporation. Michael C. Jensen is the Chairman of SSEP; Gregory J. Gordon is the President of SSEP.
 


6. Which publishers and institutions does SSRN work with?      back to top

Through our Partners in Publishing program we work with over 1,800 scientific journals and research institutions who provide us information on forthcoming papers and permission to have their work posted to SSRN. Please select the 'Partners in Publishing' link on our home page or click here for a complete list of these publishers, journals, and institutions. If your institution would like information on how to participate, please send an email to: Management@SSRN.com.
 


7. How do I contact SSRN?      back to top

Our office is open Monday through Friday between the hours of 8:30AM and 6:00PM, United States Eastern. Support emails are answered within 2 business days. For immediate assistance, please phone our office during regular office hours.

By Email: Support@SSRN.com
By Phone from the United States: 877-SSRNHelp (877 777 6435) or (585) 442 8170
By Phone from outside of the U.S.: +1 585 442 8170
By Fax: (585) 442 8171
By Mail:
Social Science Electronic Publishing
2171 Monroe Avenue, Suite 3
Rochester, NY 14618
 


8. Do I need an account to use SSRN?      back to top

Most of SSRN's core services are available to users without a SSRN account and without signing in. They include:
  • Search or Browse the SSRN eLibrary
  • View abstract pages for all papers
  • Download free full text papers
  • View Author pages for all authors
  • View the Top 10 SSRN Rankings for authors, papers, institutions and subject matter areas
Some of SSRN's services do require that you sign into your SSRN User Headquarters (HQ) account. This account is free and requires only an email address and password to set up. The services that require sign-in include:
  • Submit a paper
  • Subscribe to an eJournal
  • View the references and citations tabs on a paper's abstract page
  • View the entire SSRN Rankings list for authors, papers and institutions
  • Submit and/or Register for a conference
  • Make a purchase
  • Manage your contact information including your institutional affiliation
To sign in or to create a free SSRN User HQ account, go to http://hq.ssrn.com. Once signed in, you can change your User ID and Password, if you so choose, by clicking on the hotlinks located on the Welcome page. Many users find it useful to bookmark this SSRN User HQ sign in page.
 


9. What is the usage policy regarding personal information on the SSRN site?      back to top

SSRN highly values the personal information of its authors and users. No user of the SSRN website is allowed to use it to create e-mail lists to send bulk e-mails. We block automated harvesting of email addresses by "spider" programs. The e-mail addresses posted on SSRN have never and will never be given or sold as a list. We will aggressively pursue all legal avenues to protect the privacy of our authors and users against unauthorized uses. For more details, see our Privacy Policy.



Submitting a Paper to the SSRN eLibrary

 


1. How do I use my SSRN User Headquarters (HQ) account to submit a paper?      back to top

To submit a paper to SSRN you must have a SSRN User Headquarters (HQ) account. This account is free and requires only an email address and password to set up.

SSRN's User HQ allows you to submit and manage your abstracts/papers in our system, manage your contact information and personal eJournal subscriptions, make purchases from SSRN, and access page features available only to registered users.

To sign in or to create a free SSRN User HQ account, go to http://hq.ssrn.com. Once signed in, you can change your User ID and Password, if you so choose, by clicking on the hotlinks located on the Welcome page. Many users find it useful to bookmark this SSRN User HQ sign-in page.

Prior to submitting a paper, enter your name, affiliation and contact information that will display on your SSRN Author page by using the Personal Info and Affiliation links in the left menu. To begin submission of a paper, access your My Papers page in the left menu. Once there, select the "Start New Submission" button. Detailed submission instructions are available below.
 


2. Is my paper eligible for inclusion and public display in SSRN's eLibrary?      back to top

A paper must be part of the world-wide scholarly discourse covered by one or more of SSRN's subject area networks to be eligible for inclusion and public display in SSRN's eLibrary. Every submitted paper is reviewed by SSRN staff to ensure that the paper is a part of the scholarly discourse in its subject area. SSRN does not provide peer review for papers in the eLibrary.

An author may submit a paper that is not scholarly - for example an editorial or opinion paper. These works will be given an "Approved-Private" status (rather than "Approved"). The author can choose (on their My Papers page) to have the private papers appear on their Author page in the "Other Papers Section". These private works will not be searchable from SSRN's Search page, and will not appear within any network on the Browse page. The private papers are, however, searchable by external search engines (e.g. Google) if the author included them on their author page. The author may also post the URL elsewhere for download or send the URL of their private paper to readers.
 


3. How can I have my own paper included in the SSRN eLibrary?      back to top

We invite you to submit your own papers for inclusion in our eLibrary.

For detailed instructions on how to submit, please watch the Submission Demo, and/or read our STEP-BY-STEP SUBMISSION INSTRUCTIONS below the demo.


 


Download Step-by-Step Instructions - click on the PDF icon to download these submission instructions

STEP-BY-STEP SUBMISSION INSTRUCTIONS TO SUBMIT OR REVISE SUBMISSIONS TO SSRN'S ELIBRARY
  1. Information Required for Submission:
    • To upload the full-text paper, you must submit it as a PDF file. All languages accepted. (See 4. How can I submit a non-English paper?).
    • Title (See instructions below for submitting Non-English language papers).
    • Names of all authors along with their email addresses.
    • Date paper was written.
    • If your paper is part of an institutional working paper series, you will need the name of the working paper series and the working paper number.
    • If the paper has already been published or accepted for publication, you will need the publication information for the "Reference" section of the submission form.
    • Abstract of the paper.
    • Permission from copyright holder (if not yourself) to post on SSRN.

  2. CAUTION: As you fill out the submission form click "save" on each section to ensure that no work is lost. You can come back and finish this form later as long as you have clicked "save" on each section you have made changes in, or by clicking "save and close all" and then closing the browser window. You can return to finish the submission or revision by going to your My Papers page accessible from your SSRN HQ page. The paper will be listed in your "In Process Papers" section of your My Papers Page and its status in the Status column will be "Not Submitted". To continue the in process submission or revision click on the Edit button in the Edit Column for this submission.

  3. Submission Steps
    • Sign into your SSRN account at SSRN's User HeadQuarters: https://hq.ssrn.com. If you do not have an account, you will have an opportunity to register and create a free account on this sign in page.
    • After you sign in, you will be at your SSRN User Headquarters welcome page. Click the "My Papers" link in the menu to the left.
    • To enter a new submission, click the "Start New Submission" button centered near the top of the page.

      NOTE for making a revision on SSRN: If you know the paper has already been submitted to SSRN, you should do a revision rather than a new submission. To revise a prior submission, find the paper in the list of papers on your "My Papers" page, and click the "Revise" button located in the first column.

      NOTE for working paper coordinators: Please ask your author to begin a submission, and have them add you as "Assistant" in the Author section. This will allow you to make future changes or additions.

      NOTE for research paper series coordinators: If you are intending to revise a previously submitted paper, by one of your authors ask your SSRN contact for access to that submission.










       
    • Upon starting the submission, you will be shown a message that SSRN does not take copyright on your paper, that you will be giving SSRN a non-exclusive right to distribute your paper and that you retain the right to remove your paper from SSRN at any time. Click "Continue" and begin entering information on your submission.
    • What you see is basically an editable version of the SSRN public abstract page for a paper (with some additional submission management items). The basic procedure is the same throughout each section of the submission process on this page. If you move your cursor up and down through the form, you will see each editable section will be highlighted in bright yellow. Click on any yellow section to expand the section to an editable field. You can expand all the sections at once by clicking on the "Expand All Sections for Editing" link located in the top left under the Abstract tab. After entering or modifying the information in each section click "save" in the upper right-hand corner of that section. Or you can click on the "Save and Close All" option at the top left under the abstract tab if you wish to save and close all the open sections. If you make a mistake, you can always return to a section to correct it by clicking on any yellow section again to edit it.
    • Any time you see a question mark icon, hover your cursor over it for additional information.
    • At any time, you can refer to the status box (the vertical rectangle) on the right to determine if any required steps are still incomplete.

      NOTE: As we said above you can return to finish a submission or revision at a later time. However, before leaving the submission form, click "save" on each section to ensure that no work is lost. To reopen a submission, go to your My Papers page. The submission will be listed in your "In Process Papers" section, and its status will be "Not Submitted". Click on the "Edit button" in the Edit column, finish your submission, and click the "Submit to SSRN" button once complete.




       

  4. Below are more detailed instructions for the individual sections, from top to bottom:
    NOTE for RPS working paper coordinators: If you are making a submission to a research paper series, please be sure you have included your cover page as the first page of the PDF file prior to uploading.
       
    IMPORTANT: A notice will pop up asking you to certify that you authorize SSRN to post and distribute the submission. By checking the box and clicking "Submit to SSRN", you do not convey copyright to SSRN, but you do agree to the following conditions:

    "I certify that the information submitted is correct and convey to SSRN the non-exclusive, revocable right to post and electronically distribute the abstract (and full text paper, if submitted to SSRN). Generally, an author can convey this right, unless he or she has given exclusive electronic rights to a publisher. If you have questions about copyright for a published article, please contact the publisher or contact SSRN."
    • "Upload full text PDF document" (at the top of the submission page) - This is optional, but strongly encouraged. If you choose to upload a full-text paper, it must be a PDF file, and the title on the PDF must match the title entered in the "Title" section. Click the yellow section once to expand it, then click on the "Choose File" button to browse your hard drive to find the full- text PDF file on your computer. When located, double click on the full-text PDF file name and the SSRN system will begin uploading it immediately. (You can use these same steps to replace a full-text PDF that has already been uploaded.)

      To download the full-text paper and verify that it is the correct file, click on the "PDF" icon while this section is expanded.

      The checkbox "Add Paper URL to PDF" will be automatically checked. Once your submission has been processed this will add the following line to the bottom of the first two pages of your submitted PDF:
      "Electronic copy available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=XXXX" (where XXXX is the abstract ID for your submission).
      This link allows readers to easily find your document online at SSRN. If you do not wish this URL to be added to your PDF file, uncheck the box.

      To remove the PDF file from your SSRN submission (at any time), click the red minus sign (-) next to the PDF file name in the "Upload full text PDF document" section of the submission form.
    • "Availability" - By default, a new submission is "Publicly Available", which means it is searchable in the SSRN database and eligible for distribution in our eJournals.

      You can set a submission to "Privately Available" by clicking the radio button labeled "Privately Available (distributable by me)".

      Privately available papers will not appear in the SSRN search engine, and will not distribute in eJournals.

      Making a submission Privately Available is a useful way to distribute drafts of a scholarly paper to a select audience by sending them the URL of the SSRN abstract page. You can make the paper Publicly Available at a later time if you so choose.

      Non-scholarly papers such as Op Ed or opinion papers must be made "Privately Available". If you wish them to be publicly available in the "Other Papers" section of your author page you accomplish this by checking the "Include on Author Page" box for this paper on your "My Papers" page. Although checking this box will make this paper visible and publicly downloadable on your author page (in the "Other Papers" section) and will make it searchable by 3rd party search engines like Google and Bing, it will not be available to the SSRN scholarly search engine. Since SSRN has a very high Google page rank, this is a good way to distribute non-scholarly papers to the public.

      You can make a scholarly Privately Available paper Publicly Available at any time by clicking the "Make Public" button for that paper on your "My Papers" page.
    • "Title" - Click to expand. Enter the paper title, and click "save". Title case is required. The SSRN system will automatically implement title case in the title when you save it.
    • "Authors" - Click to expand. Enter the author's last name in the search field. Include the first name to reduce the results. Highlight and click the author's name in the search results. Please repeat this process until all co-authors have been added to the submission. If the author is not found, click the "Enter New Author" button and follow the prompts to enter the author's information. You will need the author's e-mail address to enter the author into the database. The e-mail address acts as the unique identifier in the SSRN system for that person. If you do not have available all the necessary information for your co-author please let him or her know that they should update or complete their personal information in the SSRN system.

      NOTE to submitter who is not an author: By default, the submitter is treated as an Author and as the Primary Contact. If you an assistant submitting on behalf of the author, you must add the author to the paper and then change yourself to "Assistant" (by clicking the "Assistant" radio button). This will ensure your continued access to the submission, and ensures that you will not appear as an author of the paper on the public abstract page. Click "save" when complete.
    • "Paper Date" - Click to expand. Enter the date the paper was written or the date last revised, and click "save". If no date is entered, the default is the date of submission.
    • "References" - Highlight and click "Working Paper Series" to expand.
      1. Submitting a Paper that is not included in a Paper Series, Journal or Book?
        Leave the answers to both questions that appear in this section unchanged and click "save".
      2. Submitting a Paper that is included in a Working Paper Series
        Leave the answer to the question: "Is this a working paper or an accepted paper?" to the default selection, WPS. If your paper has been selected to appear in a working paper series, select "Yes" in response to the second question: "Has this paper appeared, or been selected to appear, in a Paper Series, Journal or Book?". A search field will then appear. Enter the name of your working paper series (or portion of it) into the search field.
        1. If your series is found select your series from the search results . The page will refresh and you will then have an editable field to enter the working paper number. Enter the paper number.
        2. If your series is not found, click "Enter New Reference" and manually enter the name of the working paper series.
          You may repeat the above process as many times as needed to enter all the working paper series applicable to this submission. When finished, click "save."
      3. Submitting a Paper that appears or will appear in one or more Journals/Books
        To enter an "Accepted Paper Series" reference, click on the "APS" radio button following the question "Is this a working paper or an accepted paper?". In the search field that appears, enter the name of the journal/book (or portion of it). When the results appear, select your journal/book from the search results list. The page will refresh and you will then have one or more editable boxes to provide additional information. If the journal/book does not appear in the results, click "Enter New Reference", and a box will appear for you to enter the reference manually. Manually entered references should not include DOIs or external URLs.

        NOTE: Repeat this process as necessary to enter multiple references or working paper series IDs. Click the red minus (-) sign next to any unwanted entry to remove it.
    • "Abstract" - Click to expand. Type or copy and paste the abstract into the Abstract Body field. Copying and pasting is recommended to avoid errors. Enter a blank line between each paragraph. This abstract field is reserved for a description of the content of the paper, and should not include external URLs or disclaimers. It is advisable to keep your abstract less than 300 words. Entering keywords and JEL (Journal of Economic Literature) codes (if applicable) are recommended, but optional. They assist users in finding your submission in our public search engine and our classifiers in selecting eJournals for the distribution of your submission. If you do not have keywords or JEL codes, simply leave these fields blank.

      NOTE for non-English language papers: An English version of the abstract must be included if you wish your paper to be publicly available. (See 4. How can I submit a non- English paper?).
    • "eJournal Classifications" - SSRN eJournals are e-mail abstracting journals that contain title, author and abstract of each submission in a subject matter area. Click "eJournal Classifications" to expand this section. You can select up to 12 subject matter eJournals for distribution of the abstract of your paper, or you can elect to have SSRN classify your submission for the relevant subject/topic areas by clicking the radio button "Have SSRN select eJournal classifications for this paper". All of your classifications will be reviewed by SSRN classifiers as well as by the editors of each selected eJournal. If you know the name of the SSRN eJournal you wish to classify into, type it into the Search field and select it from the drop-down box. To browse the available eJournal choices, you can expand the list under "Browse SSRN eLibrary" by clicking the plus sign (+) next to the appropriate network. To select a classification, click the checkbox next to the relevant eJournal, topic or sub-topic. Move your cursor over the classification names to see a more detailed description. As you select classifications, they will appear in a list at the top of this section. You can remove any classification by clicking the red minus (-) sign to the right of any classification.
    • "Status Box" - Review the Status box to the right of the submission form to confirm all sections are Complete. All sections must be labeled "Complete" in order to submit.
      1. "Make Immediately Available" - In most cases you will have the option to click the checkbox next to "Make Immediately Available". If you click this checkbox, your submission will be made immediately available to the SSRN eLibrary and to the SSRN scholarly search engine after you submit it. It will show up in the SSRN eLibrary on a watermarked page that will say: "UNDER REVIEW BY SSRN". That watermark will disappear when SSRN staff has approved the paper. See below for more on SSRN's review.
      2. "Submit to SSRN" - After you have verified that all sections are complete, you can then click the "Submit to SSRN" button.
  5. What Happens Next:
    • SSRN Review - Your submission has now been submitted to SSRN for review. SSRN is committed to review all submitted papers for public release on the SSRN site within 24-48 hours, but on occasion it may take longer. You and your co-authors will receive an email confirmation when processing has been completed.

  6. Additional Information:
    SSRN's Scholarly Paper Policy: SSRN is devoted to the public display and distribution of scholarly research in a broad range of fields from Economics, Law and Management to Political Science, Neuroscience, Philosophy and Music amongst others. SSRN does not peer review submissions. A submission that is not part of the world-wide scholarly discourse in its field is not eligible for public distribution through the SSRN eLibrary and SSRN's search engine. A submission that does not meet the scholarly discourse standards in its field, for example an Op-Ed or opinion piece, will be set to Privately Available. A Privately Available submission can be selected to appear in the "Other Papers" section of one's author page by checking the box under the "Include on Author Page" column found on an author's "My Papers" page.
    • You can return to your "My Papers" page and you will see the submission listed in the section labeled "In Process Papers". Its status in the Status column will be "Submitted" or "Approved-Author" (the status shown when "Make Immediately Available" has been selected).

    • You will be able to edit your submission by clicking the "Edit" button in the left hand column of the "In Process Papers" section of your My Papers page. This puts the paper back into "Not Submitted" status. Make the desired changes using the same procedures outlined above, and be sure to click "Submit to SSRN" when you are done to resubmit the paper to SSRN for processing.

    • Once the SSRN review process begins, your "Edit" button will disappear and your paper status will then be "In Review". After SSRN has reviewed and "Approved" the submission, the status will change to "Approved" and the submission will be moved into your Publicly Available Papers section of your "My Papers" page and it will appear on your SSRN public Author Page in the Scholarly Papers section.

    • If you requested your paper to be Privately Available it will appear in the Privately Available Papers section of your My Papers page and it will not appear on your public Author Page. If you wish a Privately Available non-scholarly paper to appear on your Author Page in your "Other Papers" section click the box in the "Include on Author Page" column on the right hand side of Your My Papers page. If you wish a Privately Available scholarly paper to appear in your Scholarly Papers section of your Author Page click on the button "Make Public" on the right hand side of your My Papers page.

    • Once the paper review process is complete, the eJournal classifications of your submission will be available for review by our classifiers. You will notice that the "Status" column for your paper on you're My Papers page contains a link that will give you information on the status and/or distribution schedule for each classification selected for this paper.
    • If you have any problems or questions, please feel free to contact our office, and our Customer Support Team will gladly walk you through the submission process. We can be reached by email: Support@SSRN.com or by phone: 877-SSRNHelp (877-777-6435) in the United States, or +1 585-442-8170 outside of the United States. We are open Monday through Friday between the hours of 8:30 AM and 6:00 PM, United States Eastern time.
 


4. How can I submit a non-English paper?      back to top

Process for submitting with a non-English language title and/or abstract and/or non-English PDF file:
  1. How to submit in a language other than English:
    • An English title and English abstract, in addition to the non-English title and abstract, are required for a submission to be Publicly Available on SSRN.
    • The language of the paper determines the order in which the English and non-English title and abstract should be entered in the SSRN submission form. The title that is listed second should be placed within parentheses. The English and non-English abstracts should be separated by a carriage return.
  2. How to link multiple language versions of the same paper on SSRN:
    • SSRN encourages authors of non-English papers to also submit English language versions of the same paper to increase readership.
    • If you submit an English language PDF file of this same paper, we ask that you include the SSRN URL of the non-English language version.
    • Please enter the following sentence as the first paragraph in the abstract of the English language version: The [enter language of non-English paper] version of this paper can be found at http://ssrn.com/abstract=YYYYYY (replace the "Y's" with the abstract ID number of the non-English language version of the paper)
    • Please enter the following sentence as the first paragraph in the abstract of the non-English language version: The English version of this paper can be found at http://ssrn.com/abstract=XXXXXXX (Replace the "X's" with the abstract ID number of the English Language version of the paper)
    • To be clear: The wording of the line above must appear in the language of the version it is pointing to. If a paper is submitted in two or more other languages, you should follow the same policy as outlined above to point the reader to each of the papers.
 


5. How can I create a PDF file?      back to top

SSRN only accepts PDF files. PDF stands for Portable Document Format. It is an open, universal standard for printer-ready documents containing text, pictures, charts, graphs, and more. Unlike a word processor document, all the elements on the page are fixed in place and ready to print.

Windows users:
There are many applications available to enable PDF conversion for Windows users. The following instructions make use of a free program called "doPDF", which is also used and recommended by SSRN staff.

First, install doPDF on your computer (you will only need to do this once):
  • Go to http://www.dopdf.com/.
  • Click on the "Get it!" icon to save the dopdf-7.exe file to your desktop. (If prompted to choose "run" or "save", you can choose "run".)
  • Double-click the dopdf-7.exe file on your desktop to run the doPDF Setup Wizard, and follow the prompts. It is unlikely that you will need to change any of the default options during this process.
After completing installation, "doPDF v7" will now be listed as one of your printers. This will enable you to create PDF files from within word processors, text editors, or any other application that has a "Print" option.
  • From within your word processor, choose "Print..." from the "File" menu.
  • Select "doPDF v7" as your printer.
  • Click "Print" at the bottom of the dialog box.
  • Click "Browse" to choose a location on your hard drive, and give the file a suitable name.
  • Click "OK" to create the PDF.
Mac OS X users:
PDF conversion capability is built into the Mac OS X operating system, so there is no need to download special software. PDF files can be created from any application that has a "Print" option.
  • From within your word processor, choose "Print..." from the "File" menu.
  • At the bottom left of the Print dialog box, click "PDF".
  • Choose "Save as PDF..." from the drop-down menu.
  • Enter the desired file name and choose a location.
  • Click "Save" to create the PDF.
 


6. Is there a fee for a researcher to submit his/her paper to the site?      back to top

No fee is charged for the submission of abstracts and papers for inclusion in the SSRN eLibrary and distribution in email eJournals. Authors are encouraged to submit all their research papers, including older papers.

 


7. Does the institution where the researcher is working need to subscribe to SSRN in order for him/her to be able to submit papers?      back to top

No subscription is required on the part of any organization, school, or individual author as a prerequisite to submission.
   


8. Is My Paper Eligible for Distribution in a SSRN eJournal?      back to top

A paper submitted to SSRN is eligible for distribution in SSRN's eJournals subject to the following conditions:
  1. The paper must be part of the world-wide scholarly discourse in the field covered by the eJournal.
  2. The date on the paper must be no older than 12 months from the date it is submitted. (We encourage authors to submit their historical papers that are older than 12 months, but they will not be distributed in SSRN's eJournals because readers expect papers in those eJournals to be recent research.)
  3. There are occasions in which for various reasons SSRN is delayed in distributing a paper that was less than 12 months old at submission (for example, the eJournal was in the start up phase and did not start distributing immediately). In such cases where the delay was caused by SSRN, we will make our best effort to distribute the paper (subject to approval of the eJournal editor).
  4. SSRN does not want SSRN Subject Matter eJournals to be used for book advertising. We reserve the right to exclude from distribution book submissions which are abstract-only and those containing an abstract plus a table of contents PDF file. Such submissions will be eligible for inclusion in the SSRN eLibrary and therefore available to the SSRN search engine as well as external search engines such as Google and Bing.
 


9. Is submission of a paper to SSRN tantamount to prior submissions by scholarly refereed journals?      back to top

We are unaware of any journals that consider SSRN's eLibrary or the email abstract eJournals to be "prior publication" since our services are basically an aggregation of working papers and not a refereeing process. If an author requests it, we will immediately remove their paper from the SSRN eLibrary.
 


10. Does submission to SSRN restrict in any way what I can do with my paper?      back to top

No. And if at any time you wish to immediately remove a paper from SSRN, you may do it yourself through SSRN HQ, or contact us to remove it for you.
 

11. What do I need to know about Copyright Policies?      back to top

Here are highlights from SSRN's Terms of Use. For a complete explanation, please read the Terms of Use.

SSRN does not take a copyright for any papers (or other documents) you post on SSRN. You grant SSRN a non-exclusive, revocable license that allows SSRN to provide its services to SSRN users. You retain the right to remove your paper from SSRN at any time, or to leave the paper on SSRN but make it only privately available.

When you provide material to SSRN, we ask you to confirm to us that doing so does not violate other parties' copyright or other proprietary rights. SSRN reserves the right in its sole discretion to delete or remove from the public eLibrary material that violates the rights of third parties or SSRN policy, as well as the right to terminate or restrict your right to post material on SSRN.

Generally, an author can convey a nonexclusive license to SSRN, unless he or she has given exclusive electronic rights to a publisher. If you have questions about copyright for a published article, please contact the publisher or SSRN. Most papers published prior to the mid 1990's may be placed on SSRN because few, if any, copyright assignment agreement(s) at that time included electronic rights. Therefore, the author owns them. You may submit papers of any age to SSRN.

If you do not own the digital copyright, many publishers will allow you to post the title and abstract of your work on SSRN. Many publishers allow an author to post the pre-publication version of a paper to SSRN. Some will allow you to post the final text, as published, if you ask for permission to do so.

SSRN holds copyright on its own pages and software and SSR